Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Power is Sexy The Politics of Racial Fantasy in M. Butterfly - Literature Essay Samples

In both society and literature, fetishes and sexual fantasies constantly find themselves rooted in racial differences. The philosophical concept of the â€Å"other† is one that addresses the idea of fetishization, in that we find ourselves idealizing and fantasizing about that which we are not; that is, racial and sexual fantasy become intertwined in the fetish, where racial discrepancies dictate sexual desire. The fetish usually involves some sort of inherent power struggle, where the person being fetishized is reduced to a mere object of sexual desire and the person with the fetish is in a position of creation or control, shaping the fantasy as he or she sees fit. Though David Henry Hwang’s play M. Butterfly may initially appear to disavow traditional notions of power struggle surrounding the fetish and racial fantasy, the politics of power remain an integral facet of the fetish. Hwang’s protagonist, Rene Gallimard, develops a politic and hierarchy concerning r acial fantasy based on a fetishized mythology of Asian women and his ability—whether it be perceived or actual—to exercise sexual and patriarchal power over Song. The narrative of M. Butterfly may initially seem unconventional because Song is aware of Gallimard’s fetishes for the duration of the play, which could potentially upset the traditional hierarchy of power governing racial fantasy and the fetish. However, Song recognizes that, as a man, he best knows how to portray a woman because only a man knows exactly what a man wants. In his seduction of Gallimard, Song is successful because he knows that Gallimard fetishizes Asian women and can, therefore, act according to Gallimard’s racial fantasy, playing into the conventions of the fetish. In talking to his comrade Chin, Song discloses his theory about the politics of identity and recognition in sexual fantasy: Song: Miss Chin? Why, in Peking opera, are women’s roles played by men? Chin: I donâ €™t know. Maybe a reactionary remnant of male—Song: No. (Beat) Because only a man knows how a woman is supposed to act. (63) The quote implies that, while men watch women, women watch men watching women. In doing so, women discover what men want and then adapt to accommodate these desires, suggesting that men control how women act by means of fantasy. Therefore, it is implied that without the overt fantasies of men, women would be unable to satisfy their desires. The quote also mandates Song’s gender, implying that the only way to be sure of a man’s desires is to, in fact, be a man; it is only because Song is a man that he can recognize the desires of Gallimard. Therefore, recognizing what dictates sexual fantasy in terms of gender politics aids Song in his seduction of Gallimard because it provides him with a type of script to follow.It is clear from early in the text that Gallimard is a man who is aroused by power. The opening scenes, while farcical, show Gallimard trying to convince the audience that he is an important societal figure, even while in prison. As the text continues, the reader witnesses Gallimard’s aspiration for power morph into something comparable to sexual desire, as evidenced in his description of the first time he viewed pornographic magazines: â€Å"The first time I saw [pornographic magazines] in [my uncle’s] closet †¦ all lined up—my body shook. not with lust—no, with power. Here were women—a shelfful—who would do exactly as I wanted† (10). Gallimard does not mention the hair, legs or breasts of the women in the magazines. Instead, he takes something fairly concrete—the image of a naked woman—and abstracts it to accommodate his hunger for power. And, while he claims that his reaction to the magazines did not result from lust, his body â€Å"shook† in something the reader might consider similar to orgasm from the sensation of power he ex perienced from seeing the women â€Å" all lined up† and there to serve him, to do â€Å"exactly as [he] wanted.† The extraction of power coupled with the projection of female subservience to his whims, rather than overt sexuality, is what arouses Gallimard. However, Gallimard’s fantasy is one that is too complex to be situated solely in gender—that is, he not only fetishizes women, he fetishizes Asian women. In the specificity of Gallimard’s fetish lies racial fantasy. After seeing Song play the lead role in the opera Madame Butterfly, Gallimard is immediately taken with her, claiming the story made sense to him for the first time because of Song’s heartfelt, sincere portrayal of the opera’s sacrificial heroine: However, Song is ready to rebut Gallimard’s flattery, immediately exposing his fetish of Asian women:Gallimard: †¦her death. It’s a †¦ a pure sacrifice. He’s unworthy, but what can she do? She l oves him †¦ so much. It’s a very beautiful story.Song: Well, yes, to a Westerner.Gllimard: Excuse me?Song: It’s one of your favorite fantasies, isn’t it? The submissive Oriental woman and the cruel white man. (17)While Gallimard claims that the romanticized notion of suffering for love is what moves him about the opera, Song knows that his true attraction to the tale is rooted in the stature of the â€Å"submissive Oriental woman.† Song establishes the site of Gallimard’s fantasy not in a performance of perverse, sacrificial love, but in the inevitable success of the white man. That is, Song exposes Gallimard’s fantasy as one fixated on the execution of power and the presence of a specific hierarchy, where the Western man always overpowers the Oriental woman. Gallimard’s obsession with power is only exacerbated by the misogynistic ramblings of his friend, Marc. After having a flirtatious conversation with Song, Gallimard dreams n ot of â€Å"Sophia Loren in a towel† (23), but of his friend Marc. After claiming that a relationship with Song would be impossible because he is a foreigner, Gallimard is once again intoxicated with the idea of exercising power over a woman, this time assisted by Marc’s statement: â€Å"Ah, yes. She cannot love you, it is taboo. But something deep inside her heart †¦ she cannot help herself †¦ she must surrender to you† (25). This statement plays on Gallimard’s ideas fantasy and power, claiming that Gallimard’s love is simply too powerful to overcome and, though it is â€Å"taboo,† his woman simply â€Å"cannot help herself.† The forbidden nature of love is especially appealing to Gallimard because it affords him a situation where the power of his love and masculinity can—and must—prevail. Marc excites Gallimard even more, claiming that the power of Western men frighten Asian women: â€Å"They fear us, Rene. Their women fear us† (25). Yet again, the hierarchy of Gallimard’s sexual politics is established in which the Western man is situated in a position of power, controlling the emotion of the impressionable, Asian woman.We see Gallimard as the play opens relating to the audience the story of Madame Butterfly, and, in the process, revealing at once his racial fantasy about Asian women, describing the posturing of an Asian woman by saying, â€Å"Even her life itself—she bows her head as she whispers that she’s not even worth the hundred yen he paid for her. He’s already given too much, when we know he’s really had to give nothing at all† (10). Gallimard is obsessed with the myth of Asian women—the fantasy that they are submissive, weak, and easy to overpower. Since Gallimard lacks the fortitude often associated with traditions of masculinity, as evidenced in the confidence and virility of his foil character Marc, Asian women are par ticularly appealing to Gallimard. He characterizes Madame Butterfly’s heroine Cio-Cio-San as meek and mild, â€Å"bow[ing] her head† in shame or fear and not even daring to speak at full volume, but â€Å"whispering† instead. Gallimard engages in racial fantasy about Asian women because, according to the myth he maintains, they adhere unflinching to patriarchal standards, maintaining a posture of weakness in order to make their partner—their man—feel useful, strong, and, most importantly, powerful. And yet, even after he is betrayed, after Gallimard discovers that, for all those years, his â€Å"Butterfly† had been a man masquerading as a woman, his vision and fetish of the Asian woman does not change. Instead, he holds steadfastly to the mythology of the submissive, Asian woman:There is a vision of the Orient that I have. Of slender women in chong sams and kimonos who die for the love of unworthy devils. Who are born and raised to be the pe rfect women. Who take whatever punishment we give them and bounce back, strengthened by love, unconditionally. It is a vision that has become my life. (91) Despite suffering humiliation, deception, and betrayal, Gallimard does not rescind his vision of the Asian woman. He holds onto it, claiming that the fetish has become â€Å"his life† because, in order to fulfill the politics of his racial fantasy, he must guard the mythology of the Asian woman. He envisions the Asian woman as â€Å"perfect† because she will suffer abuse—â€Å"take whatever punishment we give them†Ã¢â‚¬â€and still remain loyal to their partners. While the mythological Asian woman will â€Å"love, unconditionally† her partner in this case, it is not the love of an Asian woman that attracts Gallimard—it is the control that he can exercise over her. His perfect woman is â€Å"slender† and small, something he can overpower. She takes his abuse and maintains a love tha t survives all sins committed by the man, yet commits no sin against him. The characterization of the Asian woman once again puts the man—Gallimard—into a position of power while the woman is left to his mercy.M. Butterfly is an obscure text in that it plays around with traditional notions of fetishism and racial fantasy, yet manages to maintain perhaps the most basic politic of all—that of power. While Song is aware of Gallimard’s fetish for Asian women, that consciousness does not undermine Gallimard’s racial fantasy because he maintains an illusion of power. Gallimard is aroused by power which is what makes the mythology of the stereotypical Asian woman—soft-spoken, subservient, and accommodating to men—especially appealing to him. In the end, sex and power become inseparable for Gallimard because they are so intimately associated within the politics of his racial fantasy.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Essay Topics About Postwar Japan

Essay Topics About Postwar JapanIn order to write an essay topic about postwar Japan, students must consider a number of things. First, they must determine what they want to write. Then, they must select a topic that has some meaning to them and/or their student. Finally, they must decide whether they will use personal opinion or facts.As an outline for the thesis writing, the essay topic can vary. In other words, you may not need to assign to your student or professors your list of essays topics about postwar Japan. You may have a set of topics that you want to explore further and maybe begin your research with something like this.The first thing you need to consider when you write an essay about nuclear bombs is whether you want to talk about the use of nuclear weapons in wartime or whether you want to cover the new era that arose after 1945. Discussing nuclear weapons usage in wartime would need to have a close relationship to the United States' involvement with these weapons in K orea and Vietnam. Discussing this era is also more personal because many historians believe that there was more danger involved with the use of atomic weapons than what has been documented by the American troops. Although you cannot teach history to someone who does not think like you, many of these questions are important in helping students understand their role in America's recent history. Discussing whether the United States should still possess nuclear weapons might help students understand how the decisions they make regarding their participation in the future conflicts of the world today impact this very issue.Since so many students do not want to write essays on nuclear bombs, you may want to choose a topic more related to Japan's present circumstances. Topics about postwar Japan's post-war situation include matters of politics, culture, the economy, and even Japanese-American relations. For instance, if you want to write an essay topic about modern Japanese politics, you wo uld need to write about what exactly modern Japanese politics mean to you. Should the type of political system in Japan uses to rule is representative of contemporary society?The third thing you should consider when writing an essay about postwar Japan is the economy. While the American economy can be extremely efficient, it has not always been so. The post-World War II government under U.S. President Harry Truman was able to develop a welfare system that helped much of the country, but more than half of the population remains unemployed, and the credit cards taken out for Americans who left were not paid back.When researching topics for essays about postwar Japan, you need to study what the government of Japan is doing for you to write an essay topic about postwar Japan. If the government is making investments in your area, perhaps that can become a focus of the essay. Or if they are trying to build houses, that might give you the ideas to explore in the article. You may be able to use interviews to tell a story about how the government is doing things and how they see themselves in the 21st century.Each topic you research for your essay topics about postwar Japan must reflect a current situation for your student. If you decide to write an essay topic about postwar Japan, you may want to research before you begin so that you know what the local environment is like in that country.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

A Brief Note On Diabetic Retinopathy ( Dr ) Is A Common...

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common microvascular complication of diabetes1. The presentation of DR is a visual indication of longstanding diabetes and is a significant cause of vision impairment. In 2015, it was estimated there were 415 million sufferers worldwide (1 in 11), increasing to 642 million (1 in 10)2 by 2040. Of those suffering diabetes, DR impacts approximately 4.2 million people, and this number is predicted to rise to 16 million by 20502. The prevalence of DR does not mirror that of diabetes, as there is a combination of causation factors. A review by Cai and Boulton (3) proposed that one of the initiating factors of DR is hyperglycaemia. This is supported by Hammes et al (4) who emphasise the impact of†¦show more content†¦The disease has a predictable progression, advancing from the initial non-proliferative DR (NPDR), which can be asymptomatic, to the end-stage proliferative type (PDR). The rate and onset of progression is variable, as it is affected by blood pressure and blood sugar levels1. The features of NPDR include: microaneurysms, haemorrhages and exudation. Additionally PDR involves neovascularisation, resulting in vision loss. Diabeti c macular oedema (DME) is also a cause of vision loss. Thickening of the retina at the macula can occur at any stage of DR, leading to blurred or distorted central vision1. This report outlines a case of PDR, unmanaged for several years. It is interesting to note the impact of well-controlled blood pressure on the progression of the PDR. CASE REPORT: A 74-year-old Caucasian female presented to the Queensland University of Technology optometry clinic as a new patient, following self-referral. She presented with a complaint of ‘blank areas when reading’, of approximately 4 months duration. Past ocular history included bilateral cataract removal 10 years ago (by an overseas ophthalmologist). She was diagnosed with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (Type 2) 30 years ago and reported unstable management with metformin. Current blood pressure is 144/82mmHg, showing good control of her hypertension

Saturday, May 16, 2020

The Struggle of ADHD Medication and Over Diagnosis

This is a question many parents struggle with. Should I be medicating my child for ADHD? Will the drugs cause other problems for my child? You’re not alone. Many parents have these questions. Some parents choose to give their child medication all the time, some only give the medication when the child is in school, and others choose not to give their child medication at all. ADHD diagnosis has increased dramatically over the last several years. [Over diagnosis and over medication for ADHD needs to stop.] ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. There are many symptoms that are related to ADHD. Some of the more common symptoms in toddlers and preschoolers are the inability to sit still, control actions, follow simple†¦show more content†¦Encourage teachers in your school district to move to more hands on learning for student in preschool through high school. Middle and high school students can benefit from doing experiments. â€Å"Encourage your child to study in several short blocks of time, instead of one extended time period† (Hutton). While it’s not a quick fix, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is shown to have greater long-term effects on children then medication. â€Å"Parents or teachers would be trained to reward a child with praise or small treats for paying attention and responding to requests, for example† (Shute). This helps teach children to calm down and listen rather than yelling at them all the time to pay attention. â€Å"Although CBT doesnt cure ADHD, it does make it easier for children to get along in a world thats often intolerant of typical ADHD behavior, explains Richard Gallagher, an associate professor of child and adolescent psychiatry at the New York University School of Medicine† (Shute). Diet can also affect the way your child is able to deal with ADHD. Avoid giving your child packaged and processed foods. â€Å"Feeding your child wholesome, natural foods instead of packaged or processed foods eliminates additives, such as preservatives, artificial flavorings and colorings, which have been shown to impact children with ADHD negatively† (Vale). To go one step further feed your child organic foods. It’s never been proven, but parent testimoniesShow MoreRelatedAdha1079 Words   |  5 Pagesthe causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a condition that can affect children and adults. ADHD in children can cause trouble with focus, patience, and over activity. ADHD is the most common childhood disorder and usually appear early in life often between the ages of 3 and 6. Children that are diagnosed with ADHD usually have problems at home, school and in their social life. ADHD symptoms fall into threeRead MoreMisunderstood Minds: ADHAD in College Students1434 Words   |  6 PagesAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, generally known as ADHD can be described as having a nonstop conversation with yourself. Constant racing thoughts, changing from one thing to another, not needing coffee because you already have a buzzed. Instead of walking, you are running. Standing in line for one minute feels like five hours. Always on the go and never looking back because, it would cause you to slow down. Imagine that always happening and not being able to control any of it. UnfortunatelyRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )1678 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"ADHD is a neurological difference that affects learning and language, and every aspect of life† (Hardman). It has been argued that ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder) is not a real disease, but it has been confirmed by neurological testing that ADHD is a real disease. It has been found that ADHD symptoms are caused by a child having less brain activity in their frontal lobes; this part of the brain controls the impulse control which will make it harder for the chil d to sit still. ThereRead MoreAttention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Essay1121 Words   |  5 PagesAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Ailene M. Broadbent Mohave Community College Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) ADHD is one of the most common neurological disorders diagnosed and treated in children. ADHD often affects a child’s ability to focused for any amount of time and can affect their life adversely if not diagnosed and treated properly. One of the problems with ADHD is that it can be difficult to diagnose and treat, because there are many different conditionsRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay1623 Words   |  7 Pages Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a condition many children and young adult are diagnosed with today. ADHD is caused by the lack of focus, being overactive, or not being able to control certain behavior. There are many symptoms shown that can lead towards the diagnoses of ADHD, but there are no test that can be used to diagnose the disorder in children and young adults. As more people seem to develop the issue, the central question of, â€Å"Is the disorder even needed?†, comes to mind. OneRead MoreEssay on Do You Have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?1655 Words   |  7 PagesDo You Have ADHD? Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most researched psychiatric disease, but it is a disease we cannot confidently explain what the true cause is. â€Å"In children, ADHD has become the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric condition worldwide.† (Bailey,1) According to a news report prepared by USA Today over the past five years, the use of ADHD medications have increased 40% totaling 39.5 million individual prescriptions (New findings, 2009). That goes to show a hugeRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )1692 Words   |  7 Pagesknown as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), is a condition where a person may have trouble focusing, sitting still, or performing day to day executive functions. To those affected, everything is interesting and prioritizing objectives become an afterthought. Several kids are placed on medications in order to combat distraction. While there is no known definite cause of ADD, there has been significant increase in people diagnosed over recent years. There is no arguing that the numberRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )948 Words   |  4 Pagesof the celebrities have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD is a mental disorder which affects millions of people from all ages. It affects the brain and typically includes attention difficulty, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. Typically beginning in childhood, ADHD can last a lifetime. Notably, boys are more than twice as likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than girls. Unfortunately, there is no cure for the disorder. ADHD contributes to difficulty at school or work, problems with relationshipsRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )1218 Words   |  5 Pages ADHD; No Longer Childhood Disorder Dawon Kim Columbia College April 28, 2014 Abstract Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, shortly called ADHD is a psychological condition that begins in early childhood; however, a lot of children with ADHD often go unrecognized or undertreated because of doctors with little experience with the disorder. Therefore, it frequently persists into adulthood. It is now known that these conditions continue into adulthood for about 60% of children withRead MoreBeing Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay1706 Words   |  7 Pageshouseholds across America families are struggling and in some fighting over medicating their children. We hear so much about the raise in medication and think about our own childhood where the children were not taking medication or labeled as having Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). But what a lot of us don’t know is that it was always with us. Lack of knowledge is a part of the reason for our debate over medication. In this review we will look at the pros and cons to med icating children

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

School Uniforms Should Everyone Look Like Clones Essay

Are school uniforms good or bad? This is an issue that has been going on for years. There are many different reasons for school uniforms. Some say having a school uniform helps to prevent violence and others say it prevents originality. Some also say it’ll help lower or rise the cost for parents. A common argument today is whether or not uniforms should be enforced in the public school system. One main reason public schools have uniforms / dress code is because in 1996, President Clinton allowed the school uniform movement and said, â€Å"If it means teenagers will stop killing each other over designer jackets, then our public schools should be able to require their students to wear school uniforms.† This gave schools the power to control the†¦show more content†¦Now imagine, at least seven outfits for three children. The National Retail Federation estimates, â€Å"People will spend $14.5 billion on back-to-school clothing and shoes this year.† Private schools that require uniforms are just a little bit more expensive than public schools. Private schools have tuition and special made uniforms you have to buy. Schools claim that school uniforms are less expensive for parents. However, school uniforms generally mean an additional cost for parents, who now have to purchase different types of clothing for their children to wear in and out of school. Some families cannot afford multiple uniforms, plus the clothes that students wear outside of school. Unlike the students who can afford three, four, or five uniforms, the poorer students’ one uniform will look worn out and used by the end of the first semester compared to everyone else. 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Kaiser Permanente Botches Its Kidney Transplant Center...

Short Article-Kaiser Permanente Botches Its Kidney Transplant Center Project 1. Classify and describe the problems Kaiser faced in setting up the transplant center. What was the role of information systems and information management in these problems? The information technology based problems that Kaiser faced in setting up the transplant center are use of paperwork, lost records, incomplete or incorrect date, lack of specific procedures for transferring data, no process for tracking or responding to patient complaints. The people problems were that the employees had little guidance and training related to their job requirements, and lacked prior experience with transplant program. Further, the employees that worked on processing†¦show more content†¦The organization factors were that the company had not assessed properly the manpower requirement for transferring outside kidney transplants to in-house facility. There was inadequate organization to handle the increased responsibilities. The organization structure required to support the project was missing. The involvement of the top executives was minimal and they did not put in place systems to make successful the transition. It appears that the information systems used in the kidney transplant process was not developed properly. There was lack of system analysis, system design, testing, and maintenance of the system. This led to the use of paper based records, no system in place for data transfer to electronic system, no process for responding to patient complaints or requests, and inaccurate records. There was a shortage of IT professions to support the databases that were required for the program. There was no arrangement made to transfer the waiting lists at other hospitals to Kaiser. †¢ Ada sedikit komunikasi dari manajemen kepada karyawan, †¢ karyawan tidak ditata dengan benar. †¢ Tidak ada kepemimpinan yang diberikan kepada proyek dan tidak ada alat yang menjadi ukuran untuk memotivasi karyawan. †¢ Masalah umumnya adalah bahwa karyawan tidak dilatih. †¢ Tidak memiliki pengalaman, †¢ dan tidakShow MoreRelatedKaiser Permanente Botches Its Kidney Transplant Center Project928 Words   |  4 PagesKaiser Permanente Botches Its Kidney Transplant Center Project Kaiser Permanente is one of the country’s foremost health maintenance organizations (HMOs), also referred to as integrated managed care organizations. HMOs provide health care that is fulfilled by hospitals, doctors, and other providers with which the HMO has a contract. While Kaiser is a non- profit organization, the company earned $ 34.4 billion in revenues in 2007. Kaiser has approximately 170,000 employees, over 13,000 doctors, and

Critical Reflection Respiratory Problems

Question: Discuss about theCritical Reflectionfor Respiratory Problems. Answer: Introduction: ABC News NAIDOC Week: Using art to encourage Indigenous people to manage respiratory problems, by Paige Cockburn on 11th Jul 2016 at 2:19 am. According to Jacob et al. (2016, p. 12)reported news; the stereotype of Aboriginal people being reluctant in health issue exposed in the writing by the media publisher. The reporter figures a death rate of the Indigenous people of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander out of the chronic lower respiratory disease triple that of the general population. To assist in relieving the symptoms and re-admissions, Ms. Potter designed a Bubble PEP (Positive Expiratory Pressure); the device used to advance ventilation for victims. Price (2012, p. 35) tells that the instrument is usually at the hospitals, but the Aborigines are comfortable in the use of it at homesteads and thus the art plan to give them pride. A sense of stereotype proved by the reporter in that the Indigenous community is still shying away from the public and still reluctant over sensitiv e health issues. I have identified that there are certain major or significant impediments that are required to produce a clear and complete picture of the death rate of the Torres Strait Islander and Aboriginal people in Australia. This mortality rate in Australia can be said to be an incomplete identification of the health checks of the Indigenous people of Australia. West et al. (2013, p.103) commenced that due to the result of complete or absolute identification of the Indigenous death records, it has been registered that the total number of deaths of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population in the year 2014 is actually the underestimation of the real number of deaths. It has been observed or reviewed in the study that the death rate of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is comparatively more than the other population. As recorded by Lingard (2016, p. 6), the life expectancy in Australia has improved miraculously for both the genders as estimated during the last century. In case of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population of Australia, life expectancy has been estimated broadly to be 10.6 years lower than that of the non-Indigenous population for the male population in the society in comparison to the female population in the society. Most of the deaths caused in the Australian society among the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island population is due to their sufferings from the chronic lower respiratory diseases. What I seemingly know about the Indigenous community from my place is that the native Australia is made up of two cultural major groups; the Aboriginals and the Torres Strait Islander who have had the same fate and struggles (Lingard, 2016, p. 6). However, West et al. (2013, p.103) affirm that when referring to indigenous we frequently mean the Aboriginals only. I have known little of the indigenous social, cultural and historical life from my area of the resident. Flinders University established on the land of Kaurna nation with the main campus near Warriparinga, the famous site of ancestral Dreaming of Tjilbruke. The Indigenous Australians belonging to all the age groups mostly experience increased death rate other than the non-Indigenous Australians. In the health care homes of Australia, the Indigenous people do not actually receive the necessary care treatments and medication due to their cultural and other sorts of differences (Jacob, et. al., 2016, p.21). On the other hand, the non-Indigenous people can receive all sorts of medical help and facilities from the Australian health care professionals. I have noticed that the indigenous life expectancy is much lower than that of the non-Indigenous population. As a health care professional, I think I have enough responsibilities of making pathways for the Indigenous Australians so that they can get necessary and proper treatments for improving their health conditions and thereby reducing the death rate from the country. Being a care nurse, I must make sure that the Indigenous Australians are not deprived of care treatments and medications that will help them overcome their chronic diseases. I should communicate with the patients to find out their illnesses and must assess their medication needs effectively so that I can cure them in a better way. I should do regular monitoring so as to make assessments of their health conditions and progress. Good nursing interventions are very much needed so that the death rates of the Indigenous Australians can be reduced thereby promoting their health conditions. Hence it can be said that my effective nursing practices and implications can help the Indigenous Australians recover from their chronic illnesses and lead a prosperous life. Reference: Jacob, E, Raymond, A, Jones, J, Jacob, A, Drysdale, M Isaacs, AN 2016, 'Exploration of nursing degree students content expectations of a dedicated Indigenous health unit',Collegian, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 313-319.https://www.sciencedirect.com.ezproxy.flinders.edu.au/science/article/pii/S1322769615000499. Price, K 2012,Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander education: an introduction for the teaching profession, Cambridge University Press, Port Melbourne, Vic. Lingard, K 2016, 'The potential of current legal structures to support Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander interests in the Australian bush food industry',International Journal of Sustainable Development World Ecology, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 174-185. https://www.tandfonline.com.ezproxy.flinders.edu.au/doi/pdf/10.1080/13504509.2015.1111268?needAccess=true. Gair, S, Miles, D, Savage, D Zuchowski, I 2015, 'Racism Unmasked: The Experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Students in Social Work Field Placements',Australian Social Work, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 32-48, viewed 3 August 2016, https://www.tandfonline.com.ezproxy.flinders.edu.au/doi/pdf/10.1080/0312407X.2014.928335?needAccess=true.